Masjid-e-Nabwi

Masjid-e-Nabwi is the holy mosque that was established by Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). After Masjid-ul-Haraam it is the second holy place for Muslims, the masjid is situated in the city Madina of Saudi Arabia. This Mosque was built by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) when he migrated from Makkah to Madina. Since then, this mosque has had huge importance for Muslims. Masjid-e-Nabwi was built in 622 A.D. It has been renovated many times since its construction but what remains the same is the sovereignty, peace, and serenity of this place. The Masjid-e-Nabwi is one of the most beautiful places in the world. Many people from different places come to Madina to visit this Holy Mosque and spend their time praying in there. Masjid-e-Nabwi has a very beautiful green dome on the southeast side. This green dome of the Masjid-e-Nabwi indicates the tomb of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) as it is just above the grave of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).

When Masjid-e-Nabwi was built?  

When the Holy Prophet (PBUH) reached Madina, the people of Madina were very excited to see him and everyone wanted to take the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to their home to stay. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) told the people of the city that wherever his camel QISWA will stop, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) will live there. The camel stopped on land owned by two orphans Sajl and Suhail. The Holy Prophet asked Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) to pay ten Dinars to them for land and then The Holy Prophet (PBUH) started constructing Masjid-e-Nabwi near his home on the same land. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself took part in all the construction activities of the mosque. Stones were used to laying the foundation, while unbaked bricks were used to construct the walls. Palm tree branches served as the roof’s covering and the columns served as the columns. There were three doors. One door in the southern wall was shut after the Qiblah was changed. This led to the opening of a new door in the northern wall. Bab Rahmah on the western wall and Bab Jibreel on the eastern wall were the other two doorways. This Holy Mosque has been renovated many times. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) extended the place of Masjid-e-Nabwi in the month of Muharram 7 Hijri. The four Caliphs of Islam Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA), Hazrat Umar (RA), and Hazrat Usman (RA) also renovated this mosque for several reasons. Other than that, different rulers of Saudi Arabia have also extended the area of Masjid-e-Nabwi for different purposes.   

Significant places inside Masjid-e-Nabwi:  

Masjid-e-Nabwi possesses a lot of importance. The reason is that there are many important places inside the mosque which has increased the worth of Masjid-e-Nabwi. One of the most important places inside Masjid-e-Nabwi is the tomb of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), the holy Grave of the Holy Prophet inside this mosque. People around the globe visit tomb of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) which is commonly known as Roza-e-Rasool and offer their prayers there and recite Durood-o-Salaam there. The graves of Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) and Hazrat Umar (RA) are also next to Roza-e-Rasool. Other important places include the House of Hazrat Fatima (RA) which is located on the eastern side of Roza-e-Rasool. Mehrab-e-Tahhajjud is also inside this Holy Mosque. It is the place where the Holy Prophet (PBUH) used to offer his tahajjud prayers. Riyad-ul-Jannah is also a place having green carpets, this place is in between the Mehraab and Roza-e-Rasool. Jannat-ul-Baqi is a place on the eastern side of Masjid-e-Nabwi where more than 10,000 companions of the Holy Prophets have been buried.

Current Interior of Masjid-e-Nabwi:

Masjid-e-Nabwi now has 27 moveable domes inside the mosque to allow natural light and fresh air. These domes are opened and closed electrically. They don’t create any noise when they open and closed. Each dome contains gold craftsmanship that weighs 2.5 kg and is breathtakingly magnificent. The mosque now has stairs and escalators to travel from the ground floor to the roofs. Masjid-e-Nabwi now also has a basement area. The basement has an area of 82,000 square meters. It has a four-meter-high roof. It contains 2,554 columns. Eight doorways lead in. The basement houses all of the system controls. Air conditioning, water storage, fire suppression, cold water storage, telephone, radio, television, broadcasting, and camera control are a few of these systems. All the inner space of Masjid-e-Nabwi is air conditioned and car parking services are also available six main access and exit points are connected to the underground parking. Three pathways lead to the top level, while the remaining three lead to the lower level. There are four of these pathways that link the higher and lower levels. These four paths are located at the mosque’s four corners. Masjid-e-Nabwi is the most important place for Muslims. Every Muslim desires to visit Masjid-e-Nabwi at least once in their life. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) once stated about performing prayers in Masjid-e-Nabwi:

“One salah offered in my masjid is superior to one thousand salahs offered in other masjids except Masjid al-Haram (Makkah al-Mukarramah).” [Bukhari

Author: Ayesha Tahir

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