بے مثل و بے مثال بشرﷺ الحمداللّٰہ رب...
Hazrat Hamza (RA) was one of the most prominent and famous personalities in Islamic history. He was one of the early converts to Islam. His personality was a role and example of courage, bravery, and strength. He spent his life in the services of Islam and did not fear anything losing for the sake of Islam.
LIFE HISTORY OF HAZRAT HAMZA (RA)
Hazrat Hamza (RA) was born in Makkah, Saudia Arabia in 570 CE. His father was Abdul Mutallib, who was also the father of Hazrat Abdullah (father of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), which made Hazrat Hamza (RA) the paternal uncle of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He was a member of the Quraish tribe and enjoyed an honorable position in society. He was famous for his unmatchable strength and courage. Not, only this but he was also liked by the people of Makkah due to his kind and humble behavior.
Hazrat Hamza (RA) played a vital role in many early events of Islamic history. It is said that He also helped in rebuilding the Holy Kaaba after the flood destruction.
HOW HAZRAT HAMZA (RA) EMBRACED ISLAM?
The exact day and time, when Hazrat Hamza (RA) accepted Islam is not known, but according to Islamic studies, he was among the early converts to Islam.
On one fine day when the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was sitting silently on mountains, Abu Jahal with some of his fellows came to the Holy Prophet (PBUH). They laughed at him (PBUH) and said unpleasant words to him. Abu Jahal bullied the messenger of ALLAH and threw dust on his forehead, which also fell on his clothes and face. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) stayed silent and did not reply to him.
One of the lady slaves of Hazrat Hamza (RA) witnessed all this and told each and everything to her master Hazrat Hamza (RA). He after hearing everything got angry and ran directly to Abu Jahal.
Hazrat Hamza (RA) was furious at the time. He used the bow to strike his horse. The horse violently leaped. Hazrat Hamza (RA) was moving towards the Ka’aba. When he returned after a hunt, he used to pass the men and say hello. He was upset for our Master Muhammad (SAW) this time. He didn’t say hello to anyone before going straight to Abu Jahal.
Hazrat Hamza (RA) leaped like a lion from his mount. With his raised bow, he struck Abu Jahal in the head.
“Answer me if you can,
I too have become a Muslim.
I confess that there’s no god but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle”.
Abu Jahal remained silent and did not fight with him as he was aware of the physical strength and bravery of Hazrat Hamza (RA).
SERVICES OF HAZRAT HAMZA (RA) FOR ISLAM
Hazrat Hamza (RA) was one of the closest companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). His conversion to Islam itself played a key role in the propagation and expansion of Islam. As he was a respectable personality of Makkah and when he accepted Islam, many other people of Makkah followed his footprints and turned towards Islam.
Moreover, he always protected the Holy Prophet (PBUH) from the verbal and physical abuse of the opponents and always stood like a firm wall against the enemies of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He participated in many wars and battles and fought with enemies with pluck and fearlessness.
MARTYDOM OF HAZRAT HAMZA (RA)
Hazrat Hamza (RA) died in the battle of Uhud which took place on the 15th of Shawwal. He was martyred by Wahshi b. Harb who was the Ethiopian slave of Harith B. ‘Amir b. Nawfal or the slave of Jubayr b. Mut’im.
As retaliation for her father’s death at the Battle of Badr, Harith’s daughter allegedly made a vow to Wahshi that if he killed Muhammad (SAW), Hamza, or Hazrat Ali, she would release Wahshi.
Another account claims that Jubayr b. Mut’im offered Wahshi freedom in exchange for vengeance against his uncle Tughayma B. ‘Adi, who was killed in the Battle of Badr. However, there is no question that Hind, the daughter of ‘Utba and Abu Sufyan’s bride, had more of a grudge against her father, brother, and uncle who perished in the Battle of Badr than Jubayr or the daughter of Harith did.
DEFORMATION OF HIS BODY
According to reports, Hind promised to chew the liver of Hazrat Hamza (RA) as revenge for his father’s death. When the body of Hazrat Hamza (RA) was taken to her by Wehshi, she gave him his clothes and promised to give money in Makkah. She then mutilated the body of Hazrat Hamza (RA) and chewed his liver. This heinous act of Hind was opposed by Muslims and Non-Muslims as well.
The companions of the Holy Prophet after seeing this act of Hind were also outraged and decided to do the same with 30 or more people of Quraysh, that’s when verse 26 of Surah Nahl was sent down which said
“If you take retribution, then do so in proportion to the wrong done to you. But if you can bear such conduct with patience, indeed that is best for the steadfast”.
GRAVE OF HAZRAT HAMZA (RA)
He was martyred during the Battle of Uhud, and he was initially buried at the site of the battle. However, the specific location has not been preserved or identified. The exact location of Hazrat Hamza’s grave is not known.
Hazrat Hamza (RA) was the perfect example of fortitude, power, and potency. He spent his whole life for the sake of Islam and even sacrificed his life for Islam.
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) also had immense love and respect for his companion. He once praised his bravery by saying
“Hamza is a lion of Allah and a lion of His Messenger” (Sahih al-Bukhari)
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) also named him ASADULLAH for his exceptional power and strength