COMPANIONS OF THE HOLY PROPHET (PBUH)

The Holy Prophet’s companions are the Prophet Muhammad’s followers (PBUH). They were fortunate enough to see or hear him while he was alive. They are also called The Sahabah (Arabic: الصحابة). These people converted to Islam and stayed true to it until the end of their lives. They were crucial in the early dissemination of Islam. Also, they played a vital role in the compilation of the Quran. They also helped in the development of Islamic administration and law.

The six prominent companions of the holy prophet (PBUH) are as follows:

  1. Hazrat Abu Bakar Sadique (RA)
  2. Hazrat Umer Farooq (RA)
  3. Hazrat Usman (RA)
  4. Hazrat Ali (RA)
  5. Hazrat Zubair Ibn Al-Awam (RA)
  6. Hazrat Abdul Rehman Bin Auf( RA):

HAZARAT ABU BAKAR (RA):

He was a successful businessman before converting to Islam. But he donated all of his fortune to support other Muslims after converting to Islam.

When issues in Makkah forced them to go, Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) went from Makkah to Madina with the Holy Prophet (SAW). He participated in significant fights for the Muslims, such as the Battle of Badar and the Battle of Uhud. He consistently stood with the Holy Prophet (SAW).

For twenty-seven months, he headed the Muslim community. As he grew critically ill and realized he would soon pass away, he sent a message to Hazrat Ali (RA) to get ready for burial. Hazrat Ali (RA) bathed his corpse when he died, and Hazrat Umer Farooq (RA) conducted the burial prayers. He was interred near the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) tomb.

HAZRAT UMER FAROOQ (RA):

All over Arabia, Hazrat Umer (RA) was revered for his bravery. Muslims had to worship in secret to fear persecution. After Hazrat Umer (RA) accepted Islam, Muslims were able to pray in public in Makkah

Hazrat Umar (RA) boldly announced his departure from Makkah to Madina. He bravely followed the order of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He was fearless and was not scared of anyone

Hazrat Umer (RA) as the caliph of Muslims took several steps for their betterment.

He (RA) ended an era but left a legacy of strength and advancement.

HAZRAT USMAN (RA):

Hazrat Usman Ibn Affan (RA) who was the third Muslim leader. His birthplace was Makkah. He married two daughters of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) namely Hazrat Ruqayyah (RA) and Hazrat Umme Khulthum (RA).

Hazrat Usman (RA) was persuaded to convert to Islam by Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA). He (RA) became one of the first Muslims to adopt the religion.

Hazrat Ali (RA) sold his shield to Hazrat Usman (RA) for 500 dirhams to aid with wedding expenses. From this, Hazrat Ali (RA) gave Hazrat Fatima (RA) 400 dirhams as Mehr. Afterward, Hazrat Ali (RA) received the shield back from Hazrat Usman (RA) as a wedding present.

The task of providing standard copies of the Holy Quran falls to Hazrat Usman (RA).

HAZRAT ALI IBN TALIB (RA):

Born in the sacred city of Makkah, Hazrat Ali (RA) was a close relative of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). At the age of ten, he converted to Islam. He (RA) wed Hazrat Fatima (RA), the Holy Prophet’s (SAW) youngest daughter.

Hazrat Ali (RA) always helped the Messenger of ALLAH (PBUH). He risked his life by sleeping in the Prophet’s (SAW) bed on the night of the Prophet’s (SAW) migration. He tricked the adversaries and saved the Holy Prophet (PBUH) from enemies. This brave deed contributed to the Prophet’s (SAW) successful evacuation from Makkah.

Hazrat Ali (RA) was the fourth caliph of Islam. He took part in several battles of Islam. He set an example of bravery and strength in all the battles of Islam.

On Ramadan 19th, during the Fajr prayer, Hazrat Ali (RA) was assaulted with a poisoned sword in the Kufa mosque. He became unwell and died on Ramadan 21st, two days later. His shrine is situated in Iraq’s Najaf.

HAZRAT ZUBAIR IBN AL-AWAM (RA):

The Holy Prophet (PBUH)’s other close companion was Hazrat Zubair Ibn Al-Awam (RA). He was one of the first five individuals to embrace Islam. He remained by the Prophet’s side through good times and bad. He fought for the Muslims in several wars, including the battles of Badr, Uhud, the Trench, and Khyber. His bright turban made him extremely identifiable during combat.

Az-Zubayr ibn Al-Awam (RA) was born twenty-eight years before the start of the Hijrah calendar. He wed Asma (RA), Abu Bakr’s (RA) daughter. He participated in every conflict that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) oversaw.

Az-Zubayr ibn Al-Awam (RA) was the first to brandish his sword in opposition to the polytheist. Moreover, he also participated in the Battle of Badr on the front lines. He was one of the people picked by the Prophet (ﷺ) to follow the army of Quraysh after the Battle of Uhud. He participated in the conquest of Egypt and carried one of the flags at the capture of Mecca.

Sadly, the Battle of the Camel proved to be Hazrat Zubair’s (RA) last battle. Amir Ibn Jhurmuz assaulted him when he was praying, and he was unable to withstand the attack. 

ABDUL REHMAN BIN AUF (RA):

To flee persecution, ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Awf (RA) first settled in Abyssinia and later moved to Medina. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) renounced his previous name, Abd Amr. He died in the year 32 following the Hijrah and was buried at Al-Baqi’.

The role of ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Awf (RA) in the Battle of Uhud was noteworthy. That day, he remained firm by the side of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ).

After speaking with Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA), Hazrat Abdul Rehman (RA) converted to Islam. He participated valiantly in the Badr and Uhud battles. He was a key figure during the reigns of the first two caliphs. He assisted Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) in his leadership. Hazrat Abdul Rehman (RA) also served on Hazrat Umer Farooq’s (RA) advisory council. After passing away in Madina, Abdul Rehman Bin Awf (RA) was buried at Jannah Al Baqi

CONCLUSION:

They were all early adopters of Islam and had total trust in Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (PBUH). They diligently spread Islam and faithfully followed the Prophet’s principles.

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