When we study the Caliphs of Islam, the name Hazrat Usman (RA) also comes in the list. Hazrat Usman (RA) was the third Caliph of Islam and was known for his intelligence, generosity, and unwavering faith in ALLAH (SWT). He (RA) served as the leader of Muslims and showcased his commendable leading powers to the world.

In this blog, we will shed light on some of the outstanding qualities of Hazrat Usman (RA)’s personality which made him an exceptional figure in the history of Islam.


Hazrat Usman (RA) was born in the noble family of Makkah known as “UMMAYAH”. He (RA) was born in 573 CE and was famously known as “Usman ibn Affan” as his father was “Affan bin Abul-As”. He was five years younger than the Holy Prophet (PBUH). His father died in the pre-Islamic period. His mother’s name was “Arwa bint Kurayz” and she died during the Caliphate of his son Usman (R.A)

Hazrat Usman (RA) was a businessman and did business in clothes. He (RA) was a successful and rich businessman and he spent his money on the poor and needy people. He always used his money for helping needy people in society.


Hazrat Usman (RA) was a keen learner. When He (RA) found out about the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his teachings of Islam, He could not resist himself to find out more about the religion Islam. For the purpose of learning and understanding the facts of Islam, he (RA) began to sit in the company of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). From there he learned about Islam and the oneness of ALLAH Almighty.

Hazrat Usman (RA) was impressed with the Holy Prophet and his teachings. The Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) faith, pious nature, humbleness, and left indelible marks on his mind and heart.

Soon after joining the company of the Holy Prophet (PBUH), Hazrat Usman (RA) realized the rationality of its teachings and the truth of Islam and the impact of Islam on its followers. He (RA) with all his heart accepted Islam and became one of the closest companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).

Hazrat Usman’s (RA) conversion to Islam serves as an inspiration for believers, emphasizing the importance of seeking knowledge, questioning, and reflecting upon the truth. His journey highlights the significance of having an open heart and a genuine desire to find the right path.


Hazrat Usman (RA) after accepting Islam became one of the closest companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He accompanied the Holy Prophet on battlegrounds and stood like a strong rock against the enemies of Islam. He participated in the Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, and Battle of Trench where he showed his bravery and strength and his devotion to the Islam. 

Hazrat Usman (RA) was always known for his generosity. After converting to Islam he (RA) utilized his money for the betterment and the advancement of the Muslim community. He used his wealth to fulfilling the needs of poor families and also the families of martyrs. His acts of charity and benevolence made him famous in the Muslim community and he got the title of AL GHANI (the generous).


Hazrat Usman (RA) emerged as a prominent face in the Muslim Ummah after the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) passed away. He (RA) was chosen to succeed Hazrat Umar (RA) as the third caliph. Despite the difficulties he encountered as caliph, He led with justice, kindness, and a commitment to Islam’s tenets.

In his efforts to safeguard the principles of the Quran and the Sunnah, Hazrat Usman (RA) placed a high priority on the harmony and welfare of the Muslim community. The Islamic empire grew during his rule and experienced impressive development and prosperity.


Hazrat Usman (RA) worked tirelessly as the Caliph of Islam. He (RA) worked day and night for the prosperity and welfare of the Muslims. In his caliphate, he upheld the principles of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah. He (RA) established several educational, healthcare, and social welfare institutions.

He also worked hard for the security and expansion of the Islamic state, ensuring the stability and security of its states. In his caliphate period, Muslims progressed and reached new heights of prosperity and success


Hazrat Usman (RA) was a great leader but was opposed by a group of people who rebelled against him. On the 18th of Dhul Hijjah, 35 AH (656 CE), a gang of rebels besieged his home in Medina, which led to his assassination. He was subjected to extreme hardship and challenges during the lengthy siege on his home. The rebels were committed to overthrowing him despite initiatives for peace and reconciliation. Tragically, He was attacked within his own house while under siege. He was martyred and his blood was shed while reciting the Holy Quran, making this a particularly tragic moment in Islamic history.

His martyrdom shook the Muslim community and was a great loss for the Muslims. His grave is in Jannat ul Baqi in Madina City, where many other prominent personalities of Islamic history are buried.


Hazrat Usman (RA) spent his whole life in the services of Islam. His exemplary qualities of generosity, wisdom, unshakeable faith, and devotion make him a role model for every Muslim. He lived a remarkable life both before and after the time he spent with the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

From writing the verses of the Holy Quran to buying the land for expanding Masjid E Nabwi, he did all his efforts for the betterment of Muslims and the progress of Islam.